If you need a more accessible version of this website, click this button on the right.Switch to Accessible Site

Oceanside Podiatrist | Oceanside Bunions | CA | Shin Foot and Ankle Center |

Shin Foot and Ankle Specialists

3230 Waring Court, Suite M
Oceanside, CA  92056
(760) 630-9200

Dr. Thomas Shin, DPM

The Foot Doctor

"Foot Care For Every Step of Life"



Bunions - (Hallux Abducto Valgus Deformity)

Around 23% of all adults between the ages of 18-65 have bunions. Bunions can be extremely painful,  because the hump, rubs against the in side of one's footwear. When left untreated the fluid filled sacks that cushion bones, can become inflamed and lead to Bursitis. Bunions can also lead to Hammertoe, where an abnormal bend occurs in the middle joint of a toe, or to Metatarsalgia which is a painful inflammation in the ball of the foot.  Women are more prone to getting bunions than men.

What are Bunions?

A bunion or the Hallux Abducto Valgus deformity is a boney humped protrusion that is situated at the place where the big toe attaches to the foot (normally at the base),or a bump on the big toe joint.

Rather than extending in a normal straight position, the big toe starts to bend or “deviate” towards the other toes. There are different types of bunions depending upon where the humps are situated. The five long bones directly behind the toes are known as the metatarsal bones.

Types of Bunions

If the big toe is pushing towards the second metatarsal bone - this is a bunion

If the little toe is pushing outwards towards the fifth metatarsal bone this is know as a bunionette.


Genetics - research shows that it tends to run in the genes. A recent study in the May issue of Arthritis Care & Research found that people of European descent often inherit conditions such as bunions.

Gender -Women have more of a flexible foot type.

Women often wear more restrictive shoes and heels.

Footwear - Shoes that restrict the freedom of the toes, squashing or narrowing the toes can lead to bunion formation.tight-fitting shoes.

High-heels that place considerable stress on the wearer’s toes can also lead to bunions.

Rheumatoid arthritis- people who have arthritis are more susceptible to bunions because of inflammation of the joints.

Neuromuscular disorders & Bone fractures - people who have these pre existing conditions are more likely to develop bunions.


  • Comfortable Footwear - Wearing looser shoes such as athletic footwear can alleviate the condition.

  • Shoe inserts. Padded shoe inserts can help distribute pressure evenly when you move your feet, reducing your symptoms and preventing your bunion from getting worse.

  • Custom-made insoles - orthotics, can provide support.

  • Heels should not be higher than two inches.

  • Medications. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen (Aleve).

  • Surgery may be required. This involves aligning the great toe, and correcting the deformity.

Office Treatments

Dr Shin can offer you a consultation (LINK TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT).

He will asses the bunion and depending upon the severity can offer the above as well as:

  • Splinting the joint affected by the bunion  to stop it from becoming worse.

  • Surgery this may involve removing any abnormal bony hump/protrusion and realigning it to straighten the displaced metatarsal.

  • More serious surgery using procedures that realigning cartilage and repositioning the small sesamoid bones beside the first metatarsal bone.

  • Surgery where it is necessary to shorten, lengthen, raise, or lower the metatarsal. It may even be necessary to stabilize the bones using screws.


Oceanside Podiatrist | Oceanside Bunions | CA | Shin Foot and Ankle Center |
Oceanside Podiatrist Shin Foot and Ankle Center is a poidiatry office providing Bunions, orthopedic, pain, diabetes, bunions and much more in Oceanside, CA. We also do Achilles Tendonitis, Allergic Contact Dermatitis , Athlete's Foot, Brachymetatarsia, Bunions, Calluses, Diabetic Foot Care, Flatfoot (Fallen Arches), Toenail Fungus, Hallux Rigidus, Hammertoes, Heel Pain/Fasciitis, Infections, Injuries, Ingrown Toenails, Metatarsalgia, Morton's Neuroma, Onychomycosis, Osteoarthritis, Pediatric Foot Care, Plantar Warts, Plantar Fasciitis, Posterior Tibial Dysfunction, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Running Injuries, Sesamoiditis, Sprains/Strains, Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, Tailor's Bunion, Tendonitis, Toe Deformities, Xerosis and all work related in the 92056 area and surrounding areas in Oceanside